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Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico is a strategic board game for 2-5 players where players take on the roles of colonial governors on the island of Puerto Rico, competing to build the most successful economy and earn victory points.

7.92 / 10
BGG Rating
published year
3 - 5
player count
3 - 5
Recommended player count
90 - 150 mins
play time

How Complex is Puerto Rico?

3.27 / 5

Puerto Rico has a moderate complexity, with a steep learning curve, but once understood, gameplay flows smoothly and offers deep strategic options.

How much Luck is involved in the gameplay of Puerto Rico?

2.5 / 5

Luck plays a minor role in Puerto Rico as players have control over their own actions, but the random selection of plantation tiles and role cards can impact strategy.

How much Player Interaction does Puerto Rico offer?

4.5 / 5

Puerto Rico offers high player interaction as players must compete for limited resources and roles, and can also block opponents' actions through their role selection.

How much Replayability does Puerto Rico offer?

4 / 5

Puerto Rico offers high replayability due to the various strategies and combinations of roles and buildings that can be used, making each game unique and challenging.

Why you should play Puerto Rico

Strategic gameplay

Puerto Rico is a highly strategic game that requires players to plan ahead and make calculated decisions in order to succeed. The game offers a variety of different paths to victory, so players must be adaptable and able to adjust their strategy based on the actions of their opponents.

Unique mechanics

Puerto Rico features a number of unique mechanics that set it apart from other board games. For example, the game uses a role selection system where players take turns choosing roles that give them special abilities and advantages.


With so many different paths to victory and a variety of different strategies to explore, Puerto Rico offers a high level of replayability. Players can enjoy the game multiple times without it feeling repetitive or stale.

Engaging gameplay

Puerto Rico is a highly engaging game that keeps players on their toes throughout the entire game. The game is fast-paced and requires players to think quickly and make decisions on the fly.

Beautiful artwork

The game features beautiful artwork that helps to immerse players in the world of Puerto Rico. The game board and components are all well-designed and visually appealing, making the game a pleasure to play.

Why you should avoid Puerto Rico


Puerto Rico is a complex game that can be difficult to learn and understand, especially for new players. The game features a number of different mechanics and strategies that can be overwhelming for some players.

Lengthy gameplay

The game can take a long time to play, especially with a full complement of players. This can be a turn-off for players who prefer shorter, more fast-paced games.

Limited player interaction

While Puerto Rico is a highly strategic game, it can also be somewhat solitary. Players are primarily focused on building their own economy and infrastructure, with limited opportunities for direct interaction or conflict with other players.

Lack of theme

While the game features beautiful artwork, some players may find that the theme of the game is not particularly engaging or immersive. The game is primarily focused on economic and strategic gameplay, with little emphasis on storytelling or narrative.

Steep learning curve

Puerto Rico has a steep learning curve, which can be a turn-off for some players. The game requires a significant investment of time and effort to master, which may not be appealing to players who prefer more casual or accessible games.

Where to find the Rules of Puerto Rico

Check the rules of Puerto Rico in a PDF file.

You can also find the community-driven rules summary, player aid, etc., in the Puerto Rico files section on the BoardGameGeek website. You need an account on BGG to download files.

Beginner Strategies for Puerto Rico

These strategies are for players who have either not played or played one or two games of Puerto Rico.

Focus on building your economy

In Puerto Rico, the player with the most victory points at the end of the game is the winner. To earn victory points, you need to have a strong economy. This means producing goods, shipping them, and selling them for money. Make sure to prioritize building production buildings and shipping vessels early on in the game.

Choose your role wisely

Each turn, players choose a role that gives them a special ability. Some roles are more powerful than others, so it's important to choose wisely. For example, the Builder role allows you to construct buildings at a discount, while the Captain role lets you ship goods for extra points. Think carefully about which role will benefit you the most in the current game state.

Keep an eye on your opponents

In Puerto Rico, players can block each other's actions by choosing certain roles. For example, if you want to prevent an opponent from shipping goods, you can choose the Captain role yourself. Pay attention to what your opponents are doing and try to anticipate their moves.

Diversify your strategy

While it's important to focus on building your economy, it's also important to diversify your strategy. Don't rely too heavily on one type of good or building. Instead, try to have a mix of production buildings and goods that you can sell for money.

Plan ahead

Puerto Rico is a game that requires planning ahead. Think about what you want to accomplish in the next few turns and how you can best achieve your goals. Don't be afraid to adjust your strategy if things aren't going according to plan.

Overall, Puerto Rico is a game that rewards careful planning and strategic thinking. By focusing on building your economy, choosing your roles wisely, keeping an eye on your opponents, diversifying your strategy, and planning ahead, you'll be well on your way to victory.

Advanced Strategies for Puerto Rico

Pay attention to the game state

As you play Puerto Rico more, you'll start to notice patterns in how the game progresses. Pay attention to which buildings and goods are being produced, which roles are being chosen, and which players are ahead in victory points. Use this information to adjust your strategy and take advantage of opportunities as they arise.

Use the "small" buildings to your advantage

In Puerto Rico, there are two types of buildings: "large" buildings that cost a lot of money and provide powerful abilities, and "small" buildings that are cheaper but less powerful. Don't overlook the small buildings - they can be very useful for generating income and victory points. For example, the Small Market allows you to sell one good for 1 extra coin, which can add up over the course of the game.

Think about the endgame

While it's important to focus on building your economy and earning victory points throughout the game, it's also important to think about the endgame. In the last few rounds of the game, you'll want to make sure you have a strong position and are able to score as many points as possible. Consider which buildings and goods will be most valuable in the endgame and plan accordingly.

Take risks

As you become more familiar with Puerto Rico, you may find yourself falling into predictable patterns of play. Don't be afraid to take risks and try new strategies. Sometimes, taking a chance on a less popular building or role can pay off big in the end.

Pay attention to the other players

In addition to paying attention to the game state, it's important to pay attention to the other players. Try to anticipate their moves and block them when possible. Don't be afraid to use the Captain role to prevent an opponent from shipping goods, or the Prospector role to deny them extra coins.

Overall, Puerto Rico is a game that rewards careful planning, strategic thinking, and adaptability. By paying attention to the game state, using the "small" buildings to your advantage, thinking about the endgame, taking risks, and paying attention to the other players, you'll be well on your way to victory.


Variable Phase Order
Turn Order: Progressive
Action Drafting
End Game Bonuses
Increase Value of Unchosen Resources
Hidden Victory Points


City Building